answers.com/is-september-25th-national-daughter-day"> #Terms in this set (8) Why did the federalists win
? What were the arguments for
and against a bill of
rights? Most federalists saw no need for
these amendments. Many Americans did not accept Hamilton's reasoning.
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Quite as, how was the debate over the ratification of the Constitution resolved?
How was the debate over the ratification of the Constitution resolved? Resolved with the adoption of the Bill of Rights.
By the way, who was the last to ratify sign the Constitution? Rhode Island
Yet, what were arguments for and against ratifying the Constitution?
The Anti-Federalists opposed the ratification of the 1787 U.S. Constitution because they feared that the new national government would be too powerful and thus threaten individual liberties, given the absence of a bill of rights.
What did it take for Virginia and New York to finally agree to ratify the Constitution?
What did it take for Virginia and New York to finally agree to ratify the Constitution? New York and Virginia agreed to ratify the Constitution only after the Federalists promised to include amendments clarifying the limits on government power (the Bill of Rights).
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People opposed to the ratification of the Constitution were called the Anti-Federalists. They were concerned that the Constitution gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments.
Federalists argued that the Constitution did not need a bill of rights, because the people and the states kept any powers not given to the federal government. Anti-Federalists held that a bill of rights was necessary to safeguard individual liberty.
The Struggle for Ratification
|Federal Power||Wanted a strong federal government to hold the nation together|
|State Power||Believed that states are ultimately subordinate to the federal government|
|Bill of Rights||Considered unnecessary because state governments already had such bills|
When nine states ratified the Constitution, it replaced the Articles of Confederation as the charter for the United States. If fewer than nine had ratified, it would have died and we would have remained under the Articles. There is a very good chance that the states would not have stayed together in that case.
As dictated by Article VII, the document would not become binding until it was ratified by nine of the 13 states. ... Beginning on December 7, five states—Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, and Connecticut—ratified it in quick succession.
3), the Framers believed that any combination of nine states would comprise a majority of American citizens. Even if the five most populous states all refused to ratify, the remaining nine still would represent a majority of the electorate.
The Federalists wanted a strong government and strong executive branch, while the anti-Federalists wanted a weaker central government. The Federalists did not want a bill of rights
—they thought the new constitution
was sufficient. The anti-federalists demanded a bill of rights.
The Ninth Amendment states that "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people." But how do we know what those other rights are?
Federalists battled for adoption of the Constitution They favored weaker state governments, a strong centralized government, the indirect election of government officials, longer term limits for officeholders, and representative, rather than direct, democracy.
They did not believe they needed the federal government to defend them and disliked the prospect of having to provide tax money to support the new government. Thus, from the very beginning, the supporters of the Constitution feared that New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia would refuse to ratify it.
Why did Virginia finally ratify the Constitution? They finally ratified the Constitution because of promises that there will be a bill of rights.
When a bill of rights was proposed in Congress in 1789, North Carolina ratified the Constitution. Finally, Rhode Island, which had rejected the Constitution in March 1788 by popular referendum, called a ratifying convention in 1790 as specified by the Constitutional Convention.
The Federalist Papers was a collection of essays written by John Jay, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton in 1788. The essays urged the ratification of the United States Constitution, which had been debated and drafted at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787.
The Federalists wanted a strong central government, with a strong executive branch. They did not want a Bill of Rights, in their minds the Constitution was efficient enough without one.
The Anti-Federalists believed the people's liberties needed protection from the government. Their pressure and threats to block ratification of the Constitution led the Federalists to agree to add a "Bill of Rights" to the Constitution if it were to be ratified.
Despite his commitment to individual liberties, Madison opposed making inclusion of a bill of rights a precondition for ratification of the Constitution. He also doubted that mere “paper barriers” against violating basic rights were sufficient protection.
Without the Bill of Rights, the entire Constitution would fall apart. Since the Constitution is the framework of our government, then we as a nation would eventually stray from the original image the founding fathers had for us. The Bill of Rights protects the rights of all the citizens of the United States.
Madison envisioned a bill of rights that would have prevented both the federal government and the states from violating basic liberties. The Bill of Rights as ultimately ratified restricted only the federal government.
The founders made the amendment process difficult because they wanted to lock in the political deals that made ratification of the Constitution possible. Moreover, they recognized that, for a government to function well, the ground rules should be stable. ... They made passing an amendment too hard.