At the trial for his life in 399 BC, Socrates defense is recounted in Plato's Apology. Here Socrates appeared, despite his lengthy defense, not to acquit himself from all accusations, but rather to deliberately ensure that he would be found guilty and thus condemned to death.
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In any way, was Socrates trying to get himself acquitted?
Was Socrates trying to get himself acquitted? ... Getting acquitted is completely immaterial to him. The only thing of importance is the truth. Rather than provide arguments in his defense, Socrates insists solely on speaking the truth, which he feels should be sufficient to acquit him if only the jury were just.
All the same, what was Socrates accused of in the apology? Introduction. The Apology of Socrates begins with Socrates addressing the jury of perhaps 500 Athenian men to ask if they have been persuaded by the Orators Lycon, Anytus, and Meletus, who have accused Socrates of corrupting the young people of the city and impiety against the pantheon of Athens.
Though, what did Socrates argue?
Socrates (469—399 B.C.E.) ... He is best known for his association with the Socratic method of question and answer, his claim that he was ignorant (or aware of his own absence of knowledge), and his claim that the unexamined life is not worth living, for human beings.
What was Socrates defense at his trial?
The Apology was written by Plato, and relates Socrates' defense at his trial on charges of corrupting the youth and impiety. Socrates argues that he is innocent of both charges. His defense is ultimately unsuccessful, and he is convicted and sentenced to death.
20 Related Questions Answered
Socrates defends himself by saying he was prophesied to be a wise man by the Oracle of Delphi. Due to the prophecy, he believes his spiritual mission is to question people. Through questioning, he hopes to illuminate the difference between true and false wisdom. He cannot be an atheist as Meletus says.
The Apology, which was written by Plato, is undeniably one of the most important writings on Socrates' speech that he gave at his trial. Socrates was accused of impiety and corrupting the youth. ... Socrates was not only defending himself, but was also defending his conception of philosophy.
There is no reason to suppose that Xenophon had learned of these aspects of the trial from Plato. ... In fact, Plato's motives in writing the Apology are likely to have been complex. One of them, no doubt, was to defend and praise Socrates by making use of many of the points Socrates himself had offered in his speech.
Plato's Republic presents a critical view of democracy through the narration of Socrates: "foolish leaders of Democracy, which is a charming form of government, full of variety and disorder, and dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequaled alike." In his work, Plato lists 5 forms of government from best to ...
Here are the six
types of questions that Socrates asked his pupils....Probing rationale, reasons and evidence
- Why is that happening?
- How do you know this?
- Show me ... ?
- Can you give me an example of that?
- What do you think causes ... ?
- What is the nature of this?
- Are these reasons good enough?
- Would it stand up in court?
“The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.” “There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.”
Primarily, Socrates enjoyed the company of people. He loved listening to them, understanding their problems and their ways of thinking. ... He believed that people had the capability to solve issues through just logical thinking. This is still relevant as ever as his theories are critical to modern Western Philosophy.
Socrates says that he does not fear death because only the gods know what is beyond death. Now if you suppose that there is no consciousness, but a sleep like the sleep of him who is undisturbed even by the sight of dreams, death will be an unspeakable gain. ...
Socrates believes that wickedness is worse than death ("death is something I couldn't care less about...my whole concern is not to do anything unjust or impious" (32d).)
So, when Socrates refers to himself as a gadfly, he means to say that he keeps Athens vigilant in the pursuit of something greater as opposed to drifting toward respite and comfort. This "something greater" that Socrates wants Athens to go towards is excellence, or virtue.
Finally he realized the Oracle might be right after all. He was the wisest man in Athens because he alone was prepared to admit his own ignorance rather than pretend to know something he did not.
Basically, Socrates is concerned to establish two main points: 1) happiness is what all people desire: since it is always the end (goal) of our activities, it is an unconditional good, 2) happiness does not depend on external things, but rather on how those things are used.
Socrates was a scholar, teacher and philosopher born in ancient Greece. His Socratic method laid the groundwork for Western systems of logic and philosophy.
It argues that Socrates does not so much attempt to defend his life by refuting the accusers as to protect his public image by skillfully giving a new meaning to the popular prejudice against him. As a defender, naturally, he is expected to argue for his acquittal in a straightforward and effective way.
Socrates's point is that voting in an election is a skill, not a random intuition. And like any skill, it needs to be taught systematically to people. Letting the citizenry vote without an education is as irresponsible as putting them in charge of a trireme sailing to Samos in a storm.
What did Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle think of democracy? Socrates defended the democratic system, even as it condemned him to death. Plato deeply distrusted democracy. Aristotle feared the democracy could lead to mob rule, although he favored stable and just rule by the many in what he called a polity.
It was not only Athenian democracy: Socrates found short of ideal any government that did not conform to his presentation of a perfect regime led by philosophers, and Athenian government was far from that. It is, however, possible that the Socrates of Plato's Republic is colored by Plato's own views.
Paul's six types of Socratic questions:
- Questions for clarification: Why do you say that? ...
- Questions that probe assumptions: ...
- Questions that probe reasons and evidence: ...
- Questions about Viewpoints and Perspectives: ...
- Questions that probe implications and consequences: ...
- Questions about the question:
Here are the six types of questions Socrates posed:
- Clarifying concepts. ...
- Probing assumptions. ...
- Probing rationale, reasons and evidence. ...
- Questioning viewpoints and perspectives. ...
- Probing implications and consequences. ...
- Questioning the question.
Socrates, the early Greek philosopher/teacher, believed that disciplined practice of thoughtful questioning enabled the student to examine ideas logically and to determine the validity of those ideas.