###The ocean influences weather
patterns by distributing heat and moisture around the globe. ... Tropical storms form over warm ocean waters, which supply the energy for hurricanes and typhoons to grow and move, often over land. The winter storms that bring precipitation to the western U.S. originate over the North Pacific.
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Additionally, how does the specific heat of water affect climate?
The specific heat of water is greater than that of dry soil, therefore water both absorbs and releases heat more slowly than land. ... The high heat capacity of water keeps its temperature within a relatively narrow range, causing nearby coastal areas to also have a narrow daily and seasonal temperature range.
Somehow, how does water pollution affect the climate? Human activity affects weather, climate, and the environment. ... This form of water pollution or through man-made toxic chemical or/and by-products addition may therefore generate some toxic and greenhouse gases, which may subsequently contribute to global warming activities or more severe environmental threats.
In any event, does water affect wind?
Surface ocean currents are primarily affected by wind patterns. Trade winds can push water along the top of the ocean and aid in the formation of surface currents. One example of a wind-driven circulation affecting an ocean current is the Gulf Stream.
How is the ocean important to our health?
The air we breathe: The ocean produces over half of the world's oxygen and absorbs 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere. Climate regulation: Covering 70 percent of the Earth's surface, the ocean transports heat from the equator to the poles, regulating our climate and weather patterns.
16 Related Questions Answered
As air passes over the water, the air is cooled and keeps temperatures on land cooler. Because it takes water a long time to warm, the heat of the sun slowly warms the water as the summer progresses. By the time it is winter, the opposite effect can be felt.
Because of its high heat capacity, water can minimize changes in temperature. For instance, the specific heat capacity of water is about five times greater than that of sand. The land cools faster than the sea once the sun goes down, and the slow-cooling water can release heat to nearby land during the night.
Water's high heat
capacity is a property caused by hydrogen bonding among water
molecules. ... When the temperature of water
decreases, the hydrogen bonds
are formed and release a considerable amount of energy. Water
has the highest specific heat
capacity of any liquid.
What Are the Consequences of Water Pollution?
- Destruction of aquatic flora and fauna. There are countless species of plants and animals which depend upon water for their survival, making them the most susceptible to water pollution. ...
- Drinking water supplies. ...
- Food chain disruption. ...
- Agriculture. ...
- Economic downturns.
Various Causes of Water Pollution
- Industrial Waste. ...
- Sewage and Wastewater. ...
- Mining Activities. ...
- Marine Dumping. ...
- Accidental Oil Leakage. ...
- The burning of fossil fuels. ...
- Chemical fertilizers and pesticides. ...
- Leakage From Sewer Lines.
Water pollution is caused when water bodies such as rivers, lakes, oceans, groundwater, and aquifers get contaminated with industrial and agricultural effluents. When water gets polluted, it adversely affects all lifeforms that directly or indirectly depend on this source.
Large bodies of water such as oceans, seas, and large lakes affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than land. Therefore, in the summer, the coastal regions will stay cooler and in winter warmer. A more moderate climate with a smaller temperature range is created.
Wind moving over a water or land surface can also carry away water vapor, essentially drying the air, which leads to increased evaporation rates. So, sunny, hot, dry, windy conditions produce higher evaporation rates.
The speed at which air flows over the surface of water affects the rate at which the water evaporates. As the wind blows, it sweeps away airborne water particles that are in the air. ... This process creates room for extra water vapor and evaporation will continue to occur while the wind is blowing.
The ocean plays an essential role for life on earth. It provides over 70 percent of the oxygen we breathe and over 97 percent of the world's water supply. Everyday, the ocean is under attack from natural sources and manmade pollution. ... Every day, toxic chemicals are entering our oceans.
Ocean waters serve as a source of food and valuable minerals, as a vast highway for commerce, and provide a place for both recreation and waste disposal. It has been estimated that as much as 10% of human protein intake comes from the oceans.
Because it is rich in other mineral salts such as sodium and iodine, ocean water can be considered an antiseptic, meaning it may have wound-healing properties. On the other hand, swimming in the ocean with open wounds may expose you to potential bacterial infections.
Given the low molar mass of its constituent molecules, water has unusually large values of viscosity, surface tension, heat of vaporization, and entropy of vaporization, all of which can be ascribed to the extensive hydrogen bonding interactions present in liquid water.
Physical properties of water are related to the appearance of water, namely, the color, temperature, turbidity, taste, and odor.
Water is the chemical substance with chemical formula H2O, one molecule of water has two hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to a single oxygen
atom. Let us learn about the physical and chemical properties
Water has high specific heat. So, it can absorb a large amount of heat without rising its temperature to a high value. But it cannot be used for measuring small temperature differences.