What does the disease multiple sclerosis affect?

Roberto Huffstutter asked, updated on January 1st, 2023; Topic: multiple sclerosis
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system that can affect the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves. Common symptoms include fatigue, bladder and bowel problems, sexual problems, pain, cognitive and mood changes such as depression, muscular changes and visual changes.

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Over and above that, what parts of the brain are affected by multiple sclerosis?

MS produces damage in the more heavily myelinated regions of the brain, known as white matter. But MS has also been shown to affect the less myelinated regions closer to the surface of the brain, known as cortical grey matter. Damage to both white matter and grey matter structures are linked to cognitive impairment.

Long story short, can you live a happy life with MS? This damage to the myelin or nerve fibers is what causes MS symptoms to occur. But MS is very rarely fatal, notes the NMSS, and it is possible to live a fulfilling life with the disease.

However, what is the cause of sclerosis?

The cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown. It's considered an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks its own tissues. In the case of MS , this immune system malfunction destroys the fatty substance that coats and protects nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord (myelin).

Can MS change your personality?

Patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) are believed to undergo personality changes, which could have implications for how they perceive themselves and are perceived by others.

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What are the signs of end stage multiple sclerosis?

These common symptoms may develop or worsen during the final stages of MS:
  • Vision problems, including blurriness or blindness.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Difficulty with coordination and balance.
  • Problems with walking and standing.
  • Feelings of numbness, prickling, or pain.
  • Partial or complete paralysis.
  • Difficulty speaking.

Does MS get worse with age?

Over time, symptoms stop coming and going and begin getting steadily worse. The change may happen shortly after MS symptoms appear, or it may take years or decades. Primary-progressive MS: In this type, symptoms gradually get worse without any obvious relapses or remissions.

What MS hug symptoms?

The 'MS hug' is symptom of MS that feels like an uncomfortable, sometimes painful feeling of tightness or pressure, usually around your stomach or chest. The pain or tightness can stretch all around the chest or stomach, or it can be just on one side. The MS hug can feel different from one person to another.

Is sclerosis serious?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a condition that can affect the brain and spinal cord, causing a wide range of potential symptoms, including problems with vision, arm or leg movement, sensation or balance. It's a lifelong condition that can sometimes cause serious disability, although it can occasionally be mild.

Does sclerosis mean arthritis?

For a long time, the sclerosis was thought to be a result of the osteoarthritis. But some recent research suggests that there may be changes in the subchondral bone in the earliest stages of osteoarthritis. It's thought that these early changes could be a cause, not a result, of the arthritis.

Is MS worse at night?

Spasticity is one of the most common MS symptoms, and often feels worse at night. This is because it can be aggravated by reduced movement, tight muscles and pain from other symptoms.

How does MS affect your hands?

Numbness, tingling, or pain in the hands is a common symptom of MS. Symptoms that affect the hands result in less functionality and more difficulty in performing everyday tasks.

Can MS cause anger issues?

MS can cause significant anxiety, distress, anger, and frustration from the moment of its very first symptoms. The uncertainty and unpredictability associated with MS is one of its most distressing aspects. In fact, anxiety is at least as common in MS as depression.

Does MS make you cry?

MS can raise your risk of emotional instability, which may lead to uncontrollable laughing, crying, or even euphoria. However, therapy, medication, and frank communication may help you manage your mood swings.

Can multiple sclerosis cause bipolar?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with a higher prevalence of mood and psychiatric disorders, such as bipolar disorder (BD). While mania is most often associated with BD, MS can also induce manic symptoms.

Is MS fatal if untreated?

Advanced MS MS is not a fatal condition, except in the very rare cases when it progresses rapidly. The National Multiple Sclerosis Society explain that MS can shorten a person's life by up to 7 years, however.

Can MS affect your voice?

Problems with how you speak can be a symptom of multiple sclerosis for some people. MS speech disorders include slurring of speech and problems with the quality of your voice (dysarthria) and difficulty remembering specific words (dysphasia).