Symptoms can include:
- weight loss and poor appetite.
- swollen ankles, feet or hands – as a result of water retention (oedema)
- shortness of breath.
- blood in your pee (urine)
- an increased need to pee – particularly at night.
- difficulty sleeping (insomnia)
- itchy skin.
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Yet, can CKD be cured?
There's no cure for chronic kidney disease (CKD), but treatment can help relieve the symptoms and stop it getting worse. Your treatment will depend on the stage of your CKD. The main treatments are: lifestyle changes – to help you stay as healthy as possible.
Beside that, what does CKD status mean? Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means your kidneys are damaged and can't filter blood the way they should. The disease is called “chronic” because the damage to your kidneys happens slowly over a long period of time. This damage can cause wastes to build up in your body.
In any manner, what happens if CKD is left untreated?
If left untreated, CKD can progress to kidney failure and early cardiovascular disease. When the kidneys stop working, dialysis or kidney transplant is needed for survival. Kidney failure treated with dialysis or kidney transplant is called end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
What are the 5 stages of CKD?
Five stages of chronic kidney disease
- Stage 1 with normal or high GFR (GFR > 90 mL/min)
- Stage 2 Mild CKD (GFR = 60-89 mL/min)
- Stage 3A Moderate CKD (GFR = 45-59 mL/min)
- Stage 3B Moderate CKD (GFR = 30-44 mL/min)
- Stage 4 Severe CKD (GFR = 15-29 mL/min)
- Stage 5 End Stage CKD (GFR <15 mL/min)
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It was thought that kidney cells didn't reproduce much once the organ was fully formed, but new research shows that the kidneys are regenerating and repairing themselves throughout life.
Without a transplant, men between the ages of 30 to 35 have a life expectancy of 14 years with stage 5 CKD. For women of the same age, the expected life span is 13 years. If you are between 70 and 75 years, life expectancy is 4 years for both men and women.
CKD only progresses to kidney failure in around 1 in 50 people with the condition. If you have CKD, even if it's mild, you're at an increased risk of developing other serious problems, such as cardiovascular disease.
Each person's medical status is unique. People with kidney failure may survive days to weeks without dialysis, depending on the amount of kidney function they have, how severe their symptoms are, and their overall medical condition.
Caffeine-free soda (7-Up, ginger ale), homemade lemonade or caffeine-free tea. Caffeine has a diuretic effect and is associated with increased urine output in people with some kidney function.
Tomatoes are another high potassium fruit that should likely be limited on a renal diet.