What are the monomers of DNA & RNA?

Randolph Polio asked, updated on May 28th, 2022; Topic: dna
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Nucleotides. DNA and RNA are polymers (in the case of DNA, often very long polymers), and are made up of monomers known as nucleotides. When these monomers combine, the resulting chain is called a polynucleotide (poly- = "many").

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On top of everything, what are the monomers of DNA and RNA quizlet?

Nucleotides are the building blocks (monomers) of nucleic acids, DNA and RNA.

Although, what is the monomer of DNA and RNA which part is variable? Dna And Rna Structure : Example Question #10 These subunits are called monomers. DNA is a polymer made up of monomer units called nucleotides. Nucleotides are made up of a phosphate group, a five-carbon sugar (deoxyribose, in the case of DNA), and a variable nitrogenous base.

That, what are RNA monomers?

DNA and RNA are made up of monomers known as nucleotides. The nucleotides combine with each other to form a polynucleotide: DNA or RNA.

What are lipids monomer?

Glycerol and fatty acids are the monomers of lipids. Lipids include waxes, oils and fats. ... Let's take a brief look at how fatty acids are composed. A fatty acid is made of a carboxyl group with a chain of carbons attached.

20 Related Questions Answered

Is RNA A monomer or polymer?

Nucleic Acids - polymers are DNA and RNA; monomers are nucleotides, which are in turn consist of a nitrogenous base, pentose sugar, and phosphate group.

What are the polymers of DNA and RNA?

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are polymers composed of monomers called nucleotides. An RNA nucleotide consists of a five-carbon sugar phosphate linked to one of four nucleic acid bases: guanine (G), cytosine (C), adenine (A) and uracil (U).

What are the monomers of RNA quizlet?

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid) are composed of monomers called nucleotides. a nitrogenous base. The amino acid sequence of a polypeptide is programmed by a discrete unit of inheritance known as a gene. Genes consist of DNA(deoxyribonucleic acid), a type of nucleic acid.

What are 2 monomers of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids are giant biomolecules made of monomers called nucleotides. Nucleotides have three components: pentose sugar (5-carbon sugar), phosphate group, and nitrogenous base. The nucleic acids are of two major types: natural and synthetic nucleic acids.

What are the monomers of DNA quizlet?

Nucleotides are the monomer of DNA. They are made of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base bound to the sugar. The four different types of nucleotides are adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G) and cytosine (C).

Is cytosine in DNA or RNA?

Cytosine is one of the four building blocks of DNA and RNA. So it's one of the four nucleotides that's present both in DNA, RNA, and each cytosine makes up part of the code. Cytosine has the unique property in that it binds in the double helix opposite a guanine, one of the other nucleotides.

Is a nucleic acid DNA or RNA?

The two main classes of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA is the master blueprint for life and constitutes the genetic material in all free-living organisms and most viruses.

Why is DNA deoxyribose and RNA ribose?

Due to its deoxyribose sugar, which contains one less oxygen-containing hydroxyl group, DNA is a more stable molecule than RNA, which is useful for a molecule which has the task of keeping genetic information safe. RNA, containing a ribose sugar, is more reactive than DNA and is not stable in alkaline conditions.

What is DNA code?

The DNA code contains instructions needed to make the proteins and molecules essential for our growth, development and health. ... There are 20 different amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins. Different proteins are made up of different combinations of amino acids.

What is the polymer of DNA?

DNA. DNA is a polymer made from four different monomers , called nucleotides . These join together in different combinations to make long strands. In a DNA molecule , two strands wrap around each other to form a double helix structure.

Which of the following are monomers?

Four big monomers are found: amino acids, nucleotides, monosaccharides, and fatty acids. The main forms of macromolecules are those monomers: proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids.

Are nucleotides monomers?

The monomer units of DNA are nucleotides, and the polymer is known as a "polynucleotide." Each nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a nitrogen containing base attached to the sugar, and a phosphate group. ... The four nucleotides are given one letter abbreviations as shorthand for the four bases.

Are DNA and RNA polymers of nucleotides?

RNA and DNA are polymers made of long chains of nucleotides. A nucleotide consists of a sugar molecule (either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA) attached to a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base. The bases used in DNA are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T).

Is DNA a monomer or polymer?

And even our DNA is a polymerβ€”it's made of monomers called nucleotides.

Is polysaccharide a monomer or polymer?

Polysaccharides, also called glycans, are large polymers composed of hundreds of monosaccharide monomers. Unlike mono- and disaccharides, polysaccharides are not sweet and, in general, they are not soluble in water. Like disaccharides, the monomeric units of polysaccharides are linked together by glycosidic bonds.

How many different monomers are in RNA?

Chemists call the monomers "nucleotides." The five pieces are uracil, cytosine, thymine, adenine, and guanine. No matter what science class you are in, you will always hear about ATCG when looking at DNA. Uracil is only found in RNA.

What is one different between the monomers of DNA and the monomers of RNA?

RNA is single-stranded while DNA is double-stranded. RNA contains uracil while DNA contains thymine. RNA has the sugar ribose while DNA has the sugar deoxyribose.

Which are the pyrimidines in DNA?

Two major purines present in nucleotides are adenine (A) and guanine (G), and three major pyrimidines are thymine (T), cytosine (C), and uracil (U). DNA contains A, T, G, and C, and RNA contains A, U, G, and C as bases. It is the base sequence in DNA that carries genetic information for protein synthesis.

What is the backbone of DNA and RNA?

The sugar-phosphate backbone forms the structural framework of nucleic acids, including DNA and RNA. This backbone is composed of alternating sugar and phosphate groups, and defines directionality of the molecule.

How does DNA differ from RNA quizlet?

RNA is different from DNA is three ways: (1) the sugar in RNA is ribose not dioxyribose; (2) RNA is generally single-stranded and not double-stranded; and (3) RNA contains uracil in place of thymine. ... DNA is the "master plan." RNA is the "disposable copy" or blueprint.