# What are lines of longitude?

Alissa Cerqueira asked, updated on October 2nd, 2021; Topic: longitude
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/what-is-the-measurement-of-the-equator-in-latitude"> ude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian. Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians. Each meridian measures one arcdegree of longitude.

So, what is latitude and longitude in simple terms?

Latitude and longitude are a system of lines used to describe the location of any place on Earth. Lines of latitude run in an east-west direction across Earth. Lines of longitude run in a north-south direction. Although these are only imaginary lines, they appear on maps and globes as if they actually existed.

Together with, what are lines of latitude and lines quizlet longitude? Imaginary lines called latitudes and longitudes which help locate places, measure distances and find out about climate regions. Describe lines of latitude. What is the equator? The line that cuts the Earth into two equal parts called hemispheres.

For that reason, how are lines of latitude and longitude the same?

Longitude. The latitude specifies a location's distance north or south of the equator. The longitude specifies the location's distance east or west from an imaginary line connecting the North and South Poles, called the Prime Meridian.

How many latitudes are there in total?

Latitude is the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. It is measured with 180 imaginary lines that form circles around the Earth east-west, parallel to the Equator.

### What are the 5 major lines of longitude?

Important lines of latitude:
• the equator (0°)
• the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° north)
• the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° south)
• the Arctic circle (66.5° north)
• the Antarctic circle (66.5° south)
• the North Pole (90° north)
• the South Pole (90° south)

### What is another name for longitude?

n. observer's meridian, prime meridian, magnetic meridian.

### What is latitude for kids?

Kids Definition of latitude 1 : the distance north or south of the equator measured in degrees. 2 : a region marked by its distance north or south of the equator cold latitudes.

### What is another name for lines of latitude?

Latitudes are also called parallel lines because these are located at parallel distance though betwen two lines the distances are different at different latitudes.

### How does latitude affect climate?

Places located at high latitudes (far from the equator) receive less sunlight than places at low latitudes (close to the equator). ... The amount of sunlight and the amount of precipitation affects the types of plants and animals that can live in a place.

### Why there are 180 latitudes and 360 longitudes?

Latitude lines are comprehensive circles, with the middle at 0° and the pole at 90°. The South Pole and the North Pole have separated by 180° apart, The longitude lines cross from the North Pole to the South Pole. ... This is why it begins at zero and finishes at 360 longitudes.

### How do you read latitudes?

The line of latitude is read as 41.40338 degrees north. The coordinate for the line of latitude represents north of the Equator because it is positive. If the number is negative, it represents south of the Equator. The line of longitude is read as 2.17403 degrees east.

### Why there are 181 latitudes and 360 longitudes?

For crossing the whole globe from west to east you need to travel across all the longitudes to complete a circle of 3600 but in case of latitude farthest you can travel is from one pole to another, you need to cover the half portion of the earth i.e. 1800 because we've already divided the Earth in half (Equator).

prime meridian

### How many longitudes and latitudes are there in total?

The western most longitude is 180W and the eastern most longitude is 180E; incidentally, 180W and 180E are the same longitudes. This is called the 180th meridian and also the international date line. Therefore, the total number of latitudes is 180; and the total number of longitudes are 360.

### Why is the North Pole 90 degrees?

It is the precise point of the intersection of the Earth's axis and the Earth's surface. From the North Pole, all directions are south. Its latitude is 90 degrees north, and all lines of longitude meet there (as well as at the South Pole, on the opposite end of the Earth).
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