How do CFCs cause ozone depletion quizlet?

Nicole Devery asked, updated on June 2nd, 2022; Topic: ozone depletion
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How do CFCs cause ozone depletion? Ultraviolet radiation breaks down CFCs, molecules containing chlorine. Chlorine then breaks one oxygen atom away from ozone, leaving behind a paired oxygen molecule. What would happen to the oxygen atoms in ozone if the ozone layer were completely destroyed by ultraviolet radiation?

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Notwithstanding, how do CFCs get to the ozone?

CFCs reach the stratosphere because the Earth's atmosphere is always in motion and mixes the chemicals added into it. ... This is because winds and other air motions mix the atmosphere to altitudes far above the top of the stratosphere much faster than molecules can settle according to their weight.

More than that, what is meant by chlorofluorocarbons CFCs and how it contributes to the global warming? Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and halons destroy the earth's protective ozone layer, which shields the earth from harmful ultraviolet (UV-B) rays generated from the sun. CFCs and HCFCs also warm the lower atmosphere of the earth, changing global climate.

In every case, what happens to the CFC molecule in the lower atmosphere?

In the lower atmosphere, CFCs are protected from ultraviolet radiation by the ozone layer itself. CFC molecules thus are able to migrate intact up into the stratosphere. ... This reaction happens over and over again, allowing a single atom of chlorine to act as a catalyst, destroying many molecules of ozone.

How does CFC get into the atmosphere 3 ways?

The most common source of CFCs are refrigerants, but fire suppression systems for aircraft and aerosols also emit CFCs into the atmosphere.

22 Related Questions Answered

How does CFC deplete ozone layer give two effects of ozone radiation on human health?

Effects on Human Health The humans will be directly exposed to the harmful ultraviolet radiations of the sun due to the depletion of the ozone layer. This might result in serious health issues among humans, such as skin diseases, cancer, sunburns, cataract, quick ageing and weak immune system.

How do chlorofluorocarbons contribute to global warming?

Post-instructional interview transcripts corroborated these findings and revealed further that about 30 percent held the misconcep- tion that CFCs cause global warming by depleting the ozone layer and letting in more ultraviolet rays or sunlight.

Why are chlorofluorocarbons so damaging to the ozone layer when they are such stable molecules?

Why are chlorofluorocarbons so damaging to the ozone layer when they are such stable molecules at sea level? ... They are very light molecules that rapidly rise into the upper atmosphere and block the radiation that forms ozone.

Which chemical released by CFC is harmful to ozone?

Chlorine- chlorine is a toxic chemical exerted from Chlorofluorocarbon. It contributes a major portion in depleting the ozone layer and also causing various health problems in human beings and animals.

Which gas is mainly responsible for ozone layer depletion?

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and other halogenated ozone-depleting substances (ODS) are mainly responsible for man-made chemical ozone depletion. The total amount of effective halogens (chlorine and bromine) in the stratosphere can be calculated and are known as the equivalent effective stratospheric chlorine (EESC).

Why were we producing so many CFCs?

Researchers have found that much of the current emission of these gases likely stems from large CFC 'banks' -- old equipment such as building insulation foam, refrigerators and cooling systems, and foam insulation, that was manufactured before the global phaseout of CFCs and is still leaking the gases into the ...

How does CFC destroy ozone?

Once in the atmosphere, CFCs drift slowly upward to the stratosphere, where they are broken up by ultraviolet radiation, releasing chlorine atoms, which are able to destroy ozone molecules. ... When sunlight returns in the spring, the chlorine begins to destroy ozone.

What characteristics of HFC refrigerants make them damaging to the environment?

What characteristic of HFC refrigerants make them damaging to the environment? They are toxic to plants and animals at low doses. They contain chlorine which damages the ozone layer. They have a high Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP).

What evidence do we have that CFCs and Hcfcs are depleting the ozone?

Researchers found evidence that linked the depletion of the ozone layer to the presence of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and other halogen-source gases in the stratosphere. Ozone-depleting substances (ODS) are synthetic chemicals, which were used around the world in a wide range of industrial and consumer applications.

What is the source of CFCs which cause ozone depletion?

Human activities cause the emission of halogen source gases that contain chlorine and bromine atoms. These emissions into the atmosphere ultimately lead to stratospheric ozone depletion. The source gases that con- tain only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine are called β€œchlo- rofluorocarbons,” usually abbreviated as CFCs.

How do CFCs leak into the atmosphere?

CFCs are found in old cooling equipment, such as refrigerators and the air-conditioning units of automobiles and buildings. Over time, the refrigerants leak out into the atmosphere. As aging appliances and chillers are retired, CFCs are collected, cleaned, and sold for reuse.

How do CFCs create air pollution?

Making a Hole in the Ozone Layer The hole in the ozone layer is caused by air pollutants. Chemicals used as refrigerants, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), contain chlorine atoms. Releasing chlorine atoms into the atmosphere destroys ozone. A single chlorine atom can destroy thousands of ozone molecules.

How does depletion of the ozone layer affect the environment?

Ozone depletion is a major environmental problem because it increases the amount of ultraviolet (UV) radiation that reaches Earth's surface, which increases the rate of skin cancer, eye cataracts, and genetic and immune system damage.

What are the impacts of ozone layer depletion?

Ozone layer depletion causes increased UV radiation levels at the Earth's surface, which is damaging to human health. Negative effects include increases in certain types of skin cancers, eye cataracts and immune deficiency disorders.

What are the effects of ozone layer depletion on the environment?

The ozone layer acts as a natural filter, absorbing most of the sun's burning ultraviolet ( UV ) rays. Stratospheric ozone depletion leads to an increase in UV -B that reach the earth's surface, where it can disrupt biological processes and damage a number of materials.

What environmental issues are CFCs blamed?

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are to blame for global warming since the 1970s and not carbon dioxide, according to a researcher from the University of Waterloo in a controversial new study published in the International Journal of Modern Physics B this week.

What are CFCs used for?

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are nontoxic, nonflammable chemicals containing atoms of carbon, chlorine, and fluorine. They are used in the manufacture of aerosol sprays, blowing agents for foams and packing materials, as solvents, and as refrigerants.

Which part of the CFC molecule destroys ozone How does this atom become detached?

In the stratosphere, ultraviolet light breaks the bond holding chlorine atoms (Cl) to the CFC molecule. A free chlorine atom goes on to participate in a series of chemical reactions that both destroy ozone and return the free chlorine atom to the atmosphere unchanged, where it can destroy more and more ozone molecules.

Which gas is released by CFC when it comes in contact with UV rays?

When a CFC molecule reaches the stratosphere, it eventually absorbs UV radiation, causing it to decompose and release its chlorine atoms. One chlorine atom can destroy up to 100,000 ozone molecules.

Which of the following compounds is released by CFCs and causes a reaction that breaks down ozone in the stratosphere?

CFCs do not easily react with other substances. In fact, they break up only through sunlight, which divides their molecules, causing the release of chlorine (Cl). Once the chlorine is released, it is able to react with ozone (O3), to form chlorine monoxide (ClO) and oxygen (O2).

Which of the following gases can deplete the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere?

Chlorofluorocarbons are responsible for ozone depletion.

Which gas is mainly responsible for depletion of ozone layer * oxygen CFC hydrogen dioxide carbon dioxide?

The correct answer is Chlorofluorocarbons. Chlorofluorocarbons(CFC) are responsible for ozone layer depletion.